Official US Approval For Medical Marijuana Hydroponics Nutrients

Oregon regulators have given first-ever official US approval to a brand of medical marijuana hydroponics nutrients in a landmark decision.

Oregon and most other US states have regulatory agencies that evaluate fertilizers and hydroponics plant supplements for determining the legitimacy, ingredients, and effectiveness of plant growth products.

Advanced Nutrients co-founder Michael Straumietis welcomed the news that the government of Oregon proffered formal approval for an Advanced Nutrients formula designed for a specific strain of medical marijuana.

“Regulatory approval is a breakthrough for the medical marijuana community,” Straumietis explains. “For the first time, government regulators have examined and affirmed the use of crop-specific medical marijuana hydroponics nutrients.”

Regulators nationwide had apparently never considered how hydroponics nutrients specifically affect medical marijuana crops until Straumietis asked regulators for examining the effectiveness of medical marijuana and safety of Advanced Nutrients hydroponics formulas.

”It hasn’t been part of the discussion, until now,” Straumietis explains. “For example, when fertilizer regulators evaluate fertilizers that have labels claiming to produce larger tomatoes, they require specific efficacy data proving those claims. Now Oregon regulators have opened the door for formal evaluation of hydroponics nutrients and medical marijuana growth, quality and yield.”

The regulatory decision was applauded by Oregon medical marijuana patients, cultivators, doctors, and advocates who were previously citing their long-held concern that regulators were not looking at how hydroponics nutrients interact with medical marijuana.

“Advanced Nutrients and the medical marijuana community give kudos to Oregon regulators for being the first state regulators to evaluate the science of medical marijuana and hydroponics nutrients,” Straumietis says. “Our community is looking for similar action from regulators in other medical marijuana states.”

Reference:

Advanced Nutrients

Basic Outdoor Grow Information

Security

In order to grow in an outside plot, it is crucial to have a secure area in a forest or woods, which will allow for substantial sunlight. Getting a minimum of 2-4 hours of sunlight will create more buds.  In terms of security, it doesn’t have to be overly extreme, as the plants tend to blend in with others, however keep in mind the possibility of children finding it by mistake if it is too close to a trail.

Avoid breaking surrounding vegetation as it may allow pathways for animals to reach the crops. If there is an issue, you may consider installing cameras to know exactly what you are trying to deter.

If cameras are an option for you, consider using one with a rewind delay to avoid those in the area to hear it. Fundamentally you should position them at the entrances of the plot, and locate the flash in a different area to avoid it being traced to the camera. Placing it high up in a tree is suggested.

Watering

Avoid using large gallon buckets for pots, as it requires you to water the plants every week. This will destroy the no- path threading. It would be more beneficial to get large containers which have a grip and you are still able to transport when full of water. If it is difficult, mounting them on a wooden pole to carry it more weightlessly. In order to add to the security, paint the containers in camouflage to avoid other spotting it. In addition hide the water containers near the water source for efficiency of transport.

There is another way to water your plants without transporting containers. By purchasing ½ inch spools of tube and drip lines you can link it to a water source. In addition you will need a 6 v water pump and some rechargeable batteries. In order to stop blockages, add a weight to hold the pipe under the water.  It is important to avoid under watering your plants especially if its due to avoiding another water run.  The more vermiculite that is added, requires more water per gallon, about 3-3.5 gallons is ideal.

In ground or pots:

An important consideration to make is whether you will plant into the ground directly, or into pots.

The disadvantage of using pots is the limitation of root space. This may limit how much the plants will grow in the confined space. On the other hand, it may stimulate growth as the pots dry out faster and more oxygen will reach the roots.

It would be a good idea to start off by growing the plants in a pot, and to then transfer these into the ground after a few weeks. Planting them in the ground will lengthen the time between watering. If the area is too dry, and you are unable to move plots, use Rubbermaid’s above your soil. Take the Rubbermaid’s and submerge them in good soil and mix in them. Add about 2 inches of mulch to hold the moisture on the top later of the soil. Cover that with other leaves and moss to make the area blend in with the rest.

Applying this setup will provide you with more control of the plant and especially the conditions of the roots. Specifically allows the roots to be grown in super soil. Worse comes to worse you can always transport the plants by digging them up despite how big they may be. If this is done correctly then the plants may only need to be tended to once a month.

Composting outdoors:

Try building outdoor compost for plots, and cover them with the vegetation and moss.  This will provide some rich soil during fall/ spring.  When it comes to composing, you should have about 50/50 when it comes to mixes of different plants, to balance nutrients.  Diameters 3x3x3 is suggested as it will speed up the process by keeping up the heat.  In order to regulate the ratio’s you should alternate the green and brown layers. To maintain these, turn the pile as often as possible, and keep it moist through watering it monthly.  You will be able to sift the material using 2×6 nailed in a  ½ inch spacing steel screen, which is fastened to the bottom.

Grow methods

Growing outdoors will increase yields. If you even out the growth across the plant this will even out the light distribution. Having mid sized plants instead of one main or smaller lowers, this will decrease mold growth on the plants. An important consideration is the level of growth hormone, specifically auxin. By making the auxins higher in the plant, it will grow more rapidly.

Side-way growth:

When the plant grows to about 4 inches, transplanting it north at a 45-degree angle will decrease the risk of breaking the stem. Tie half a dozen of the largest branches to grow out and fill in the sides.

SOG:

Place your indicia plants about 3-4 feet apart and grow your bud. You may either use it to do a short veg to increase safety. You have the choice to only grow 3 inch plants about 2 feet apart or grow 6 inch plants. The same can be applied with sativa strains but visually it will differ.

Training:

It is possible to train your plants when they reach about 3 inches. you can step it down to a 90* angle then tie each branch to grow outwards to avoid over crowding all upwards.

ScrOG:

ScrOG is equally as intense as indoor growth, but it has advantages in yield/ area.  Use large screens 4X6 inches with thick wires, versus the chicken wire, which has small holes. This is because you have easier access to train the plant.  In addition when it gets taller, it is harder to get back under the screen and there is always the risk of snapping the shoot. Rubbermaid’s would help as you can make a modular setup and allow for a 90-degree angle and allowing more effective use of sun.  You will benefit if you use the screen up at an angle, as the buds will be longer. This is an easy method to train your plants, as you don’t play with individual strings.

Brain Cells Proliferated By Marijuana

Most drugs of abuse reduce the generation of new neurons in the brain, but the effects of marijuana on this process, known as neurogenesis, had not been clear.

In a paper that appeared online in advance of print publication of the November issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Xia Zhang and colleagues from University of Saskatchewan demonstrated that a potent and synthetic cannabinoid promotes neurogenesis besides exerting anti-anxiety and antidepressant-like effects.

It was suggested by the researchers that there is a positive correlation between increased adult neurogenesis and modified behavior following chronic cannabinoid treatment.

The offered data helped in expanding the present knowledge about the positive roles cannabinoids and their receptors play in brain processing and medicine. It was also revealed that cannabinoids is perhaps the only drug that can enhance adult neurogenesis and subsequently modify behavior.

Reference:
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
Journal of Clinical Investigation
the-jci.org/article.php?id=25509

Marijuana Substituted For Prescription Drugs By Patients

According to an anonymous survey, people qualifying for prescriptions of medical marijuana frequently report substituting the substance for their other prescription medications.

Sixty-six of 350 clients at the Berkeley (Calif.) Patients Group, a medical marijuana dispensary, remarked they use marijuana as a substitute for prescription drugs as they think it provided better symptom control with fewer side effects than did prescription drugs. Those with pain symptoms said marijuana has less addiction potential than opioids and others said it helped in reducing the dose of other medications.

Almost 50 percent of those surveyed said they use cannabis two or three times per day. More than 75 percent of respondents said they made use of cannabis for psychiatric disorders, including bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and persistent insomnia. Dr. Reiman reported at the American Psychiatric Association’s Institute on Psychiatric Services that patients believe marijuana didn’t leave them feeling like “zombies.”

Dr. Reiman said about 75% had health insurance that covered prescriptions and “they are still opting to utilize medical cannabis, which is not covered by insurance.”
“Instead of having a pain medication, an antianxiety medication, and a sleep medication, they are able to just use cannabis, and that controls all of those symptoms,” said Amanda Reiman, Ph.D., the director of research and social services at the Berkeley center.

Marijuana Licensing Laws Vetoed By WA Governor

A proposal that was going to make licensed marijuana dispensaries was recently vetoed by Washington State Governor, Christine Gregoire. Gregoire said she would be working with other states and try to get a change in federal laws so that these types of conflicts will be resolved.

U.S. attorneys in their letters wrote that civil or criminal penalties would be considered for medical marijuana operations on a large-scale and those who regulate them, even those operations and regulators that are allowed by state law.

Lawmakers are now concerned about their current medical marijuana policies even though no state workers have been charged by the federal government for regulating medical marijuana. Presently, fourteen states in the United States of America permit marijuana for medical usage, despite it not being federally legal.

The WA governor said she wanted to collaborate with other governors and get medical marijuana federally reclassified as a Schedule 2 substance that would put it in the same category as morphine and oxycodone. Medical marijuana is presently a Schedule 1 narcotic, and has the strictest level of enforcement in federal drug law.

Tracy Schmaller, Justice Department spokeswoman said, “We will not tolerate drug traffickers who hide behind claims of compliance with state law to mask activities that are clearly illegal.” Ezra Eickmeyer, Washington Cannabis Association political director, said this about the recent events, “Coming in and trying to strong-arm legislatures is way over the top. We would have expected this sort of thing from the Bush administration, but not Obama.”

According to the National Drug Policy Alliance, fifteen states and the District of Columbia have statutes decriminalizing marijuana for medical reasons despite the fact that cannabis is still listed as an illegal narcotic under federal law.
In recent months, the Justice Department has taken a hard line against what it terms illegal drug activities conducted under the guise of state medical marijuana laws.

New state controls on medical marijuana cultivation and distribution would not render growers, dispensary operators or even their landlords and financiers immunity from federal prosecution and civil actions, as per Washington’s two U.S. attorneys, Jenny Durkan of Seattle and Michael Ormsby of Spokane in a legal opinion. They wrote that “state employees who conducted activities mandated by the Washington legislative proposals would not be immune from liability” from prosecution.

Neurons may be guarded by marijuana

A marijuana chemical could protect against brain damage from a stroke, according to a report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Cannabidiol, the compound, in the test tube sops up damaging oxygen-free radicals more effectively than vitamins C and E, two of the most powerful known dietary antioxidants.

It is widely known that marijuana and its psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) inhibit the activity of certain brain regions. Aidan Hampson, working jointly with colleagues at the National Institute of Mental Health and elsewhere, set out for testing whether the inhibitory effects of THC might also prevent the toxic overstimulation of brain cells that results when the brain cells become starved for oxygen and sugar, and are then unable to pump out the neurotransmitter glutamate.

A stroke was simulated by researchers via bathing a petri dish full of neurons in the neurotransmitter glutamate that is toxic at high doses. Half as many neurons died when purified THC was added. It was first assumed by the researchers that THC was binding to the cannabinoid receptor but they found that THC still protected the cells when they added another chemical that blocks the receptor. “It shouldn’t have protected the neurons, but it worked just as well,” Hampson says.

THC was mopping up free radicals, such as hydrogen peroxide, that are spewed out by over-stimulated neurons, a fact that was noticed after further testing. It was also revealed that cannabidiol, a marijuana component similar to THC but lacking its psychoactive effects, provided the same antioxidant benefits.

Reference:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Marijuana has therapeutic value

Researchers from the University of California’s Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research (CMCR) have found “reasonable evidence that cannabis is a promising treatment” for certain specific, pain-related medical conditions.

Their findings, presented recently to the California legislature and public, are included in a report available on the CMCR web site at http://www.cmcr.ucsd.edu
“We focused on illnesses where current medical treatment does not provide adequate relief or coverage of symptoms,” explained CMCR director, Igor Grant, MD, Executive Vice-Chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the UCSD School of Medicine. “These findings provide a strong, science-based context in which policy makers and the public can begin discussing the place of cannabis in medical care.”

Five scientific clinical trials, with more in progress, have been completed by researchers. It was revealed in the studies that cannabis could be beneficial in easing pain in selected syndromes caused by injury or diseases of the nervous system and possibly for painful muscle spasms due to multiple sclerosis.

“These scientists created an unparalleled program of systematic research, focused on science-based answers rather than political or social beliefs,” said Senator John Vasconcellos, original author of The Medical Marijuana Research Act of 1999 (SB847) which led to the creation of the CMCR.

Reference:
University of California – San Diego

How To Pass Hair Drug Test-Marijuana Detection

If you have been smoking marijuana for a while or occasionally and asked to undertake a marijuana hair drug test, you may be living under stress these days. But there is no need for you to worry as there are many tips by which you can easily pass a hair drug test with complete confidence to come out clean.

It is very important to note that a hair drug test refers to an examination wherein a small sample of hair is used for identifying the use of specific drugs, including marijuana. Such a test measures the drug only after the same has been processed by the body into the metabolites. Hair drug tests are commonly used to detect marijuana, cocaine, opiates, methamphetamine, and phencyclidine though they may also be used to detect anabolic steroids, prescription drugs, and tobacco consumption.

It is also important for you to note that hair drug tests can reveal presence of substances taken by you as talked above for up to one year after the substance left the blood stream. During hair drug testing, a standard screen with Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry confirmation that requires 40+ milligrams of hair or 50-70 strands is used.

If an individual (to be tested) is bald or have no hair, the testing agency may collect hair from body locations other than head and combine the collected hair to obtain the required amount of hair. In exceptional cases where no hair can be collected, the testing agency may use urine or adulteration testing.

In order to clear marijuana hair drug testing, you can use special shampoos. These shampoos are used for cleaning and then opening up the cuticle layer. After the cuticle layer is opened, a sealer is used around scales o the cuticle and thereafter a conditioner is used to control tangles, add sheen, and improve manageability. One of the biggest advantages of these shampoos, sealers, and conditioners is that no hair drug test can identify the presence of marijuana after they are used and these products do not affect hair treatments, including perms, color, or straighter.

How To Pass Urine Drug Test-Marijuana Detection

If you want to come out clear during a urine drug test meant for detecting marijuana, this piece of information would surely give an edge in your strategy.

A marijuana urine test is by far the most common drug test as it is highly accurate, cheap, and provides immediate results. However, marijuana urine drug testing cannot tell how much or when marijuana was consumed.

Before we read any further, it is important for us to note that the human body take in air, food, and many contaminates from the environment and the body converts these substances into metabolites specific to the consumption. The body, thereafter, makes use of as much of the metabolite as it requires and stores the excess in fast-growing cells such as hair, fat, nails, etc. Over a period of time, the “trapped” metabolites leach out of the fat and into the blood and the kidneys filter out the metabolites for removal via urinary tract where they can be easily detected. Urine drug testing is used to identify which specific drug has been used. After a urine sample has been provided, the drug testing device is dipped into the sample and a result is provided within a few minutes.

To clear a marijuana urine test, it is best for you to test yourself first to find out if you could pass the marijuana test. It is highly recommended that you avoid smoking and alcohol before the test and also avoid unnecessary medications, sugars, energy drinks, and fatty foods.

When asked to provide the urine sample at a medical facility, you should avoid early-morning tests and use this time to urinate often before the test. It is also recommended that you use middle of the urine stream to provide the sample and follow a relaxed approach to avoid suspicions from the facility staff.

It is also recommended that you stop using marijuana as soon as you hear the news that you would be tested soon, irrespective of whether or not the exact marijuana test has been communicated to you. It is also suggested that you avoid company of friends or colleagues who smoke marijuana as even excessive second-hand exposure to marijuana may come up in your results, leading to a positive marijuana test.

Prescription Drugs That Lead To False Positive Marijuana Drug Testing

If you have been asked to undertake a marijuana drug test, this piece of information on medications and prescription drugs triggering a false positive drug test would surely be useful to you.

Before we read any further, it is important for you to note that some medications and prescription drugs could lead to positive marijuana drug tests and therefore you should have a clear and complete understanding of which all drugs could give you a positive test.

Ibuprofen is one of the common drugs that can lead to a positive marijuana drug test. Advil, Aleve, Anaprox, Ansaid, Apo-Naproxen, Atripla, B2 Vitamin, Bayer Select Pain Relief Formula, Clinoril, Cramp End Tablets, Datril, Dolobid, Dronabinol (Marinol), and Edecrin are some other medications and prescription drugs that could indicate a positive marijuana test.

Some of the other medications and prescription drugs that may lead to a positive marijuana test are Efavirenz, Excedrin IB, Feldene, Fenoprofin, Flurbiprofen, Genpril, Haltran, Hempseed Oil, Ibuprin, Indocin, Lisuride/Dopergin® Liver Disease, Lodine, Marinol®, Meclomen, Mediprim, Medipren, Midol, Motrin, Nalfon, Naprosyn, Naproxen (Aleve), Navonaprox, NSAIDS, Nuprin, Orudis KT, Oxaprozin, Pamprin®, and PanToprazole.

Other drugs and medications including Phenergan®, Promethazine, Promethegan, ProTon Pump InhibiTors, ProTonix, Riboflavin, Relafen, Rufin, Shampoo containing hemp, Sustiva (Efanirenz), Tolectin®, Trendar Cramp Relief Formula, and Voltaren may also lead to positive marijuana tests.

If you fail a drug test due to any of these medications or prescription drugs, you could straightaway inform the marijuana drug testing authorities about usage of the same. It is always recommended that you disclose this fact before testing so that a positive drug test does not happen to you in the first place. If you have already received a failed marijuana test because of use of any of these medications or prescription drugs, you should immediately request a different type of drug test while emphasizing your innocence. Remember, your confidence could make all the difference and you should defend yourself if wrongly accused.

If the testing authorities are satisfied with your confidence, they would ask you to give a new test after a few days. Before the second test day, you need to avoid fatty acids, sugars, energy drinks, toxins, and stay out of toxic environments. You should also arrange for a prescription and letter from your medical practitioner that authorizes you to use drugs mentioned above. In addition to that, you should consume 6-16 oz glasses of water all long every day but avoid consuming all at once.